Myristic Acid is a type of fatty acid derived from many food items. It is available in crystalline form and is white. Sometimes it can also appear off-white. Myristic acid acts as an anti-caking ingredient in cosmetic applications and is used due to its foaming properties.
Many industries also uses myristic acid it for manufacturing propylene glycol, glycerol, sorbitan, ethylene, etc. It is also used for manufacturing defoamers and flavoring agents. You can find Myristic Acid naturally in coconut oil, nutmeg butter, palm oil, etc. it plays an important role in the production of esters, surfactants (both anionic & non-ionic), emulsifiers, etc.
The saponification value ranges from 243 to 249. It does not dissolve completely in the water as it is partially-soluble. Myristic Acid can be completely dissolved in acetates, DMSO, ethanol, and other organic solvents. it can be used as one of the cosmetic raw materials in pharmaceutical applications.
Myristic Acid Benefits
- Deep Cleanser: Myristic acid is an excellent surfactant and, therefore, combines readily with oil, dust, dirt, and other impurities. As a result, it can be used in skin cleansers, face washes, cleansing foam, etc., for rinsing the dirt particles away as Myristic acid is also a good foaming agent.
- Personal Care: Myristic acid it is gentle and, therefore, does not cause any irritation or rashes after applying to the skin. Various skin products include Myristic Acid as cosmetic raw materials. You can also use Myristic acid as an emulsifier, add fragrance, or be cleaner in skincare and cosmetic applications.
- Thick Properties Myristic acid can be added to the emulsions as a thickening agent. Still, it does not contain adequate thickening properties and cannot be solely used to add texture or thickness to the formulas. you can use Myristic acid to reduce the transparent nature of gels, creams, and lotions due to its effective opacifying properties
How to Use Myristic Acid?
Myristic Acid can be added along with the other surfactants or when the formula is in oil-phase. The recommended level of use can range from 0.5 to 10%.
|Raw Material Source:||Vegetable oils like Coconut Oil, Palm Oil, etc.|
|Manufacturing Process:||It is found as a methyl ester in fatty acids (mixed) that is manufactured through a process called fractional distillation. Vegetable oils like coconut oil, palm oil, etc. are used in this process.|
|IUPAC Name:||1-tetradecanoic acid|
|INCI Name:||Myristic Acid|
|Molecular Weight:||228.3709 g/mol|
|Boiling Point:||326.2 °C|
|Flash Point:||110 °C|
|Grade Standard:||Industrial Grade|
|Shelf Life:||24 months|
|Applications:||It can be added in soaps, lotions, shaving applications, cleansing products, hair conditioners, etc.|
CAUTION: Excess use of Myristic Acid is not recommended as overuse can cause skin dryness. Also, careful while using this cosmetic product due to its highly comedogenic nature. This means that excess use of the products containing this acid might result in acne, pimples, and other skin-related issues. Remember that it is only meant for external purposes.
Frequently Asked Questions
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